Project KoSeBOT - Context-Sensitive Cobotik
The interactive Human-Robot-Collaboration
Modern production plants are nowadays unimaginable without robots. High reliability, low downtime and working in hazardous areas make robots the guarantee for fast production in high volumes. Robots are said to be destroying jobs. However, practice shows that this is not the case. On the contrary, they create jobs. The current trend is that production processes are becoming much more individualized in the course of the digitalization of the industry. Robots have not been able to cope with these frequent changes yet, so they have to be constantly reprogrammed. The resulting implementation process is very complex, expensive and lengthy. Current market figures show that approximately 56% of the costs of automating a previously manual activity are incurred by implementing the necessary software. The costs for automation can rise to a level where it is no longer worthwhile.
Above all, the adaptability of people and their ability to solve problems creatively are indispensable for today's production facilities. Robots should rather be used to facilitate the work of humans. This allows them to do the part of the work that is particularly difficult, dangerous or monotonous. To achieve this, robots must be enabled to collaborate with humans quickly and adaptively. So-called Cobots are capable of exactly that. The advantage of collaboration is that transfers between manual and automated production steps can be carried out directly and, under certain circumstances, collaborative manipulations are also possible. The field of human/robot collaboration is currently still largely ignored. The implementation and establishment of this key technology would keep local companies competitive on the international market and secure jobs in the long term.
Within the project a demonstrator shall be developed and integrated into Industrial IoT Test Bed, which enables the cooperation between a Cobot and a human at a manual workstation. In order to counteract the high cost and time factor in robot programming the solution of consortium leader Wandelbots GmbH is used. That enables non-programmers to train industrial robots with the help of intelligent clothing and gesture recognition without having to write program code. Therefore the technical integration of the sensor clothing, the Cobot control and the RTLS with a production control system is to be developed and tested. The result is a demonstrator which, in the interaction of sensor information from the clothing, information from the RTLS and the respective order information from the production control system, enables optimum support by the Cobot at a manual workstation, individually adapted to the respective worker. Due to the integration into the Smart Systems Hub Dresden, the demonstrator can be further used in many ways. As a priority, it can serve as a blueprint for other local companies and demonstrate how collaborative robotics applications can be designed, planned and cost-effectively implemented in production plants.
January 2018 to January 2019